Governing Cotton: Globalization and Poverty in Africa (International Political Economy Series)

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Governing cotton : globalization and poverty in Africa

Alice Nicole Sindzingre, Alice Sindzingre, Aggarwal, Rimjhim M. Machiko, Nissanke, Adenutsi, Deodat E. Liang, Zhicheng, More about this item Keywords institutions ; poverty ; globalization ; social norms ; Statistics Access and download statistics Corrections All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:unu:wpaper:rp See general information about how to correct material in RePEc. For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: Mauricio Roa Grisales.

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1. Introduction: GPN research in the context of a changing global economy

Sindzingre, Alice, Handle: RePEc:unu:wpaper:rp as. More about this item Keywords institutions ; poverty ; globalization ; social norms ; Statistics Access and download statistics. Narayan and P. Washington, DC: World Bank. Clark ed. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, Selassie and P. Krishnan , in A. Bigsten ed. Booth and P. Addison, ed. Hoddinott eds. Stefan Dercon's opinion piece informed by the launch of the Pathways for Prosperity commission's new report. Stefan Dercon Professor of Economic Policy.

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Faculty and Researchers. Stefan Dercon. Professor of Economic Policy. Policy work My work at DFID and with other international organisations has led me to be involved in a wide array of policy research and debates on key issues of our time in Africa, Asia and the Middle East, including the Syrian refugee crises, the conflict in South Sudan and its consequences, the role of China in global development, Nigerian economic management, Pakistan's political economy, social protection systems, debates on greening growth, Ethiopian development challenges and the global development architecture and its financing.

Books Dull Disasters? See all. In the media. MNB World. Social Outcomes Conference Welcome remarks and keynote address. Is technology key to improving global health and education, or just an expensive distraction? World Economic Forum. Pathways for Prosperity Commission's new report on technology for health and education.

May Research update. The Pathways for Prosperity Commission released a new report which argues that well-considered investments in digital technology can transform global health and education systems across the developing world, but too often they fail to deliver impact at scale.

Digital lives: creating meaningful connections for the next 3 billion. Pathways for Prosperity report. Benno Ndulu. October Charting pathways for inclusive growth: from paralysis to preparation. Including the poor and vulnerable in the digital age: the challenges of scaling digital systems. Pathways for Prosperity academic director Stefan Dercon, policy and outreach manager Toby Phillips, and research and policy officer Sophie Ochmann held an event at the 18th Global Development Confe.

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Behavioural economics. Development economics. They have developed conceptual and analytical tools for tracing the networks of production, consumption, and exchange that link people across world markets and for identifying the processes through which wealth and poverty are explicitly linked. Of particular significance is work on 1 production chains—linked sequences of place-based functions where each stage adds value to the commodity Dicken, ; 2 consumption chains—links between consumption and the conditions of production Hartwick, ; and 3 global commodity chains, which expose prices, and the geographical distribution of value, at each node along the production and marketing trajectory of a specific commodity Gereffi and Korzeniewicz, ; Leslie and Reimer, Geographical research on commodity chains is enchancing understanding of the ways in which inequality is reworked through production and consumption linkages.

For example, Nepstad et al. They developed a network analysis that connects growing fears of bovine spongiform encephalopathy BSE or mad cow disease in ration-fed beef in the United States and Europe with increasing demand for grass-fed beef from the Amazon. Their work demonstrates how conditions of production are reworked by pressures from consumers demanding both improved environmental stewardship and better social conditions for workers. Their study reveals that pressures from lender and consumer organizations to reduce the negative socioecological impacts of production are leading to the environmental and social certification of beef, timber, and soybeans.

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Additional geographical research building on this conceptual and empirical foundation could further elucidate the nature of commodity networks and show how certification. These negotiations with national cotton companies and the World Trade Organization are central to the setting of global cotton prices and so shape how and where returns to the crop are distributed among growers, ginners, and traders. For example, cotton trades globally in U. As a result, farmers in West Africa, who do not have access to similar subsidies, face lower prices on international markets, resulting in lowered incomes see also Friedberg, , for a commodity chain analysis of French bean crops, and Gwynne, , for a study of fruit exports from Chile.

Geographical research aimed at integrating economic, environmental, and social variables across place and scale can shed additional light on the impacts of market liberalization on inequality within states, at the local scale and across the globe. In particular, much could be gained from comparative case studies employing rigorous experimental frameworks that include common questions and metrics to facilitate aggregation and meta-analysis.

An understanding of the causes and consequences of inequality requires consideration of geographical patterns and networks—whether economic, political, or environmental. Spatial analyses that take explicit account of place-to-place variations and scalar differences can be of particular value in the effort to elucidate the complex interactions between globalization and inequality.

From the oceans to continental heartlands, human activities have altered the physical characteristics of Earth's surface. With Earth's population projected to peak at 8 to 12 billion people by and the additional stress of climate change, it is more important than ever to understand how and where these changes are happening. Innovation in the geographical sciences has the potential to advance knowledge of place-based environmental change, sustainability, and the impacts of a rapidly changing economy and society.

Understanding the Changing Planet outlines eleven strategic directions to focus research and leverage new technologies to harness the potential that the geographical sciences offer. Based on feedback from you, our users, we've made some improvements that make it easier than ever to read thousands of publications on our website. Jump up to the previous page or down to the next one. Also, you can type in a page number and press Enter to go directly to that page in the book. Switch between the Original Pages , where you can read the report as it appeared in print, and Text Pages for the web version, where you can highlight and search the text.

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